About Biotechnology - Biotechnology is the utilization of scientific principles that use living things to produce products and services for the benefit of humans. Biotechnology is not actually a discipline, but an application of science, a technique in biology. The supporting sciences in biotechnology include microbiology, biochemistry, genetics, cell biology, chemical engineering, and enzymology. In biotechnology typically used microorganisms or parts thereof to increase the added value of a material.
Biotechnology can be classified into conventional / traditional biotechnology. Biotechnology, since its early application until early 1857 is called the era of microbial biotechnology. Because at that time it is not known that fermented food is the work of living things. The products of the era include beer, bread, cheese, yoghurt, sour milk and, sak
Conventional biotechnology is a biotechnology that utilizes microorganisms to produce alcohol, acetic acid, sugar, or foodstuffs, such as tempeh, tape, oncom, and soy sauce. Microorganisms can change food. Microorganism-assisted processes, such as fermentation, include tempe, tape, soy sauce, etc. including cheese and yoghurt. The process is considered a biotechnology of the past.
Characteristic that appears in conventional biotechnology, namely the use of living things directly and do not know the use of enzymes. Some examples of the application of conventional biotechnology in processing foodstuffs include processing dairy products that can be processed into new forms, such as yogurt, cheese, and butter. Nonsusu processing products such as soy sauce and tempeh.
Other examples of conventional biotechnology applications in agriculture include hydroponic cultivation and aeroponic cultivation.
Modern biotechnology includes biotechnology in medicine, agricultural biotechnology, livestock biotechnology, and future fuel biotechnology.
Examples of modern biotechnology applications include genetic engineering that includes nuclear transplantation, cell fusion, plasmid technology, and DNA recombination. Medical biotechnology includes the manufacture of monoclonal antibodies, vaccines, antibiotics, and hormones. Agricultural biotechnology includes the manufacture of plants capable of binding to nitrogen, and pest resistant plants. Biotechnology in the field of animal husbandry, future fuel biotechnology, and waste treatment biotechnology